In groundbreaking news, The Wall Street Journal
cited “several European officials” as saying that the French, British, and German governments are exploring the option of opening bank accounts for Iran’s Central Bank (ICB) and establishing direct links between their national banks and Tehran.
The trio, the officials said, had laid out their plans to Iran during recent discussions among foreign ministers and senior officials in the Austrian capital, Vienna, and are still trying to iron out the details of their initiatives.
The move, if confirmed, would be the first practical step by Europe toward sustaining the Iran deal.
It would also enable direct payments to Iran, bypassing the US financial system.
Other European governments, including Austria and Sweden, are also considering similar options, the officials added.
Tehran and Washington are yet to comment on the report.
The administration of US President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew the US from the multilateral deal on May 8, over the objections of Europe as well as Russia and China — the other two parties to the deal with Iran.
The withdrawal entailed not only the re-imposition of sanctions on Iran but also the so-called secondary sanctions on third countries. Most recently, the Trump White House has announced that it seeks to supposedly bring Iran’s oil sales down to “zero.” The measures would collectively cause difficulties for Europe to maintain trade ties with Iran.
That pullout in particular prompted the biggest fissure between America and its natural allies in Europe in contemporary history, and the Old Continent began to attempt to offset the impact of the US withdrawal initially by giving verbal assurances to Iran that it remained committed to the deal and then by taking the unprecedented step to activate a European law — known as the “blocking statute” — that seeks to protect European businesses against the US’s secondary sanctions.
European leaders, who had personally lobbied Trump against a withdrawal, were irked by the US president’s disregard for their calls.
In one sharp rebuke, Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council, on May 16 wrote on his Twitter page, “Looking at latest decisions of @realDonaldTrump someone could even think: with friends like that who needs enemies. But frankly, EU should be grateful. Thanks to him we got rid of all illusions. We realise that if you need a helping hand, you will find one at the end of your arm.”
But the European parties to the deal are also willing to sustain it because it both benefits them economically through trade (which the “blocking statute” is designed to protect) and keeps nuclear restrictions on Iran, too. The Islamic Republic, too, would also be interested in continued relief from international sanctions and in benefits from international trade.
Intense diplomacy is underway to work out details on whether the deal can potentially continue to stand.
After Trump’s withdrawal, Iran said it would consult with its partners in Europe, Russia and China to see if staying in the deal would continue to benefit the Islamic Republic economically. Tehran specifically sought “guarantees” toward that end.
Earlier this month, Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei reiterated his call for the European signatories to provide Tehran with necessary guarantees about the continued implementation of the deal.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has also said Europe needs to move beyond rhetorical backing for the deal.
In May, the European Commission reportedly proposed that EU governments make direct money transfers to Iran’s central bank to avoid US penalties.
On Tuesday, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said European countries have implemented the blocking statute, which had been activated back in May.