Undoubtedly, Islamic Republic of Iran should be counted as a magnificent phenomenon in the contemporary world, a grand event distinct from other great revolutions including French and Russian Revolution. French Revolution appears to transfer the power from the church to the state with Renaissance bearing fruit in political, cultural and social aspects to form the roots of western modernism. On the other hand, though, Socialist Revolution in Russia with its axis of left hand modernism, claimant of confrontation with western imperialism leaving its deep effects on eastern Europe, Middle East and even Africa, was totally marginalized, even toppled following victory of Islamic Revolution as the most important popular revolution in the world.
Indeed, a review on the nature of Islamic Revolution would lead us to enlightened guideline by Imam Khomeini (RA) rejecting both western and eastern powers. It is not in vain that Michel Foucault, prominent French philosopher and postmodernism theoretician had made a trip to Iran amid the victory of Islamic Revolution and once had quoted Karl Marx calling religion as ‘soul of soulless conditions’ and penned an article in renowned Italian paper, ’Iran is the soul for a soulless world, Iran’s revolution has shown western countries and the whole world in the next century.’
In this regard, Islamic Revolution should be counted as the reason which shook the bases for western and eastern schools of thought because dissolution of former Soviet Union with its ruling example which was retired to museums of political history and also the severe weakening of western modernism, have been among unique impacts of the Islamic Revolution which injected a new life into the body of humanity particularly the world of Islam.
The glorious unity and unparalleled ethnical and religious cooperation which raised following the jurisprudence and in confrontation with Pahlavi tyranny putting an end to oppressions by Pahlavi dynasty.
Wisdom of the Iranian nation during the revolution, anti-western tendencies, demand for justice confrontation with western modernity, stressing religious rationality and also linking religion and the state led to all-out confrontation with Pahlavi and gradually influenced several Arab and Islamic countries building a mighty sanctuary for those in search of Islam in the light of regional Islamic unity, an important treasure which promised expansion of Islamic Revolution discourse to other Islamic countries as is quoted by Imam Khomeini (RA),”To send these experiences equals blossoming of the victories, independence and applying of Islamic laws for the oppressed nations.”
It is noteworthy that Iran’s 1979 Revolution, making use of the great civilization of Islam, realized return to the past and traditions in a bid to move towards future and promotion and reproduction of Iranian-Islamic examples for development. This strategic entity, following the Islamic Revolution, was used as the strategic model in Islamic countries inspiring them to reject the western and eastern schools of thought for a return to Islam through Islamic Awakening.
Also, materialization of ‘Identitism’ and creating ideological and theoretical independence among Muslims, developing proximity in the Islamic countries and liberation from disillusionment of the Islamic nation putting an end to expanding dependence to western states, important entities which led the Islamic countries towards inclusive unity and improved the ranking of Muslim countries in global arenas while modernism stressed dividing tradition from identity.
On the other hand though spirituality and spread of the Islamic culture are among the strategic entities which were created as a result of the victory of Islamic Revolution hence the cycle of western culture influencing eastern culture took a reverse order for the latter influencing the former, a move whose results can simply be seen in increasing tendencies for Islam.
Also, continuation of traditionalism in Iran’s Islamic Revolution, realized in the light of cooperation between ethnicities and coexistence of different Iranian groups, led to highlighting other Islamic denominations in unity of Muslim world and cooperation among different denominations which eventually led to inter-cultural cooperation in the world and inter-faith dialogues between Islam, Christianity, Judaism and other religions started, a movement inspired by the Islamic Republic of Iran which has also been confessed by Annemarie Schimmel, German orientalism professor, and Henry Corbin, Iranologist and professor of Islamic studist.
It should not be forgotten that opposition between Iran’s Islamic Revolution with the US and globalization provided the grounds for return of the Islamic civilization; hence, tendencies for local and regional civilization exceeded that of western civilization and the way for return to the golden era of Islamic civilization was paved.
The aforesaid highlights shed more light on the undeniable role of Islamic Revolution in transcending Islamic unity, a priceless achievement of the Islamic Revolution which provided the grounds for inter-cultural relations and boosting Islamic unity.