The decision was made during a meeting held at the Fener Greek Patriarchate
in Istanbul, a bishop said.
Metropolitan Emmanuel of France told the media the Ukrainian
church’s request for independence was approved.
The move was condemned as “catastrophic” by Russia
The Russian Orthodox Church
said the Patriarchate
had taken “catastrophic” decisions both for itself and global Orthodoxy.
of Constantinople has crossed a red line,” a spokesman for Russian Orthodox
Patriarch Kirill, Alexander Volkov, said in televised remarks.
had warned against allowing the Ukraine Church
to sever its ties with Moscow, with the powerful head of the Russian OrthodoxChurch
, Patriarch Kirill, traveling to Istanbul earlier this year in a bid to dissuade the patriarchate.
However, Fener Greek Orthodox
Patriarch Dimitri Bartholomew
said on Sept. 23 that he hoped for an independent Ukrainian Church
soon “despite the current opposition.”
The issue is set to play a key role in Ukraine’s March 2019 presidential elections, with incumbent President Petro Poroshenko making independence from the Russian OrthodoxChurch
- known as autocephaly - a key issue as he plans a re-election bid.
Poroshenko quickly hailed the decision of the Patriarchate
, which is based in its historic home of Istanbul, the former Constantinople and once the capital of the Byzantine Empire before the Ottoman Muslim conquest of 1453.
“This is a victory of good over evil, light over darkness,” Poroshenko said in televised remarks, adding that Ukraine has been waiting for this “historic event” for more than 330 years.
of Moscow, which is strongly backed by the Kremlin, argues it technically oversees most of Ukraine’s Orthodox
parishes and has warned that independence would provoke a rift in global Orthodoxy.
The Ukrainian Church
is currently split into three bodies, one technically overseen by the Patriarch of Moscow, a fact the Kiev government considers unacceptable given its ongoing war with Russia
-backed rebels in the east.
An Istanbul synod meeting chaired by Patriarch Bartholomew
, seen as the first among equals of Orthodox Church
leaders, “decreed to proceed to the granting of autocephaly to the Church
of Ukraine,” said an official statement read in Istanbul.
In another key move, the synod also agreed to reinstate the head of the Ukrainian OrthodoxChurch
Patriarch Filaret and Kiev Metropolitan Makariy to their canonical ranks following their excommunication in the dispute with Moscow.
“Thus, the above-mentioned have been canonically reinstated to their hierarchical or priestly rank,” said the statement after a meeting that began on Oct. 9.
The Ukrainian Orthodox Church
split from Moscow in the 1990s, with the charismatic Filaret a foremost proponent of a new independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church
In his first reaction, Filaret said the decision would allow his country to finally establish a united church in Ukraine and vowed to soon convene a meeting to address the issue of unification and elect a new patriarch.
“We want the Ukrainian Orthodox Church
to be united not only in appearance but also in spirit so that it could serve the Ukrainian
people,” Filaret told reporters outside St. Volodymyr’s Cathedral in Kiev.
The Moscow Patriarchate
has already downgraded its ties with Bartholomew
I over the affair, which it considers an unjust encroachment on its spiritual territory.
On Oct. 10, an influential Moscow Patriarch cleric went so far as to warn that parishioners will not hand over churches to a new Orthodox
“Of course, people will take to the streets and protect their sacred sites,” Hilarion, a bishop in charge of diplomacy at the patriarchate, was quoted as saying by Russian agencies at a religious congress in Kazakhstan.
annexed the Ukrainian
peninsula of Crimea in 2014 and backed rebels who carved out two unrecognized breakaway regions in Ukraine’s mineral-rich east in a conflict that continues to this day.
authorities and many worshippers are wary of the influence of Kirill, a strong ally of President Vladimir Putin who has supported the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine and the separatists in the east of the country.